Safe in Canada and the United States
Techniques for maximizing travel safety
Knowing how to be safe — introduction
Travelling in the United States, which has
a violent crime rate some ten times the Canadian rate, requires
caution. And, travel in Canada has become more dangerous in recent
This page gives specific, easy-to-follow
tips to help you stay safe.
New York City, long one of the more dangerous
environments, has become safer due to innovative police techniques
and other factors. However, you still must practise proper care,
even in New York.
For an international visitor of colour or
anyone whose accent or mannerisms were different, the South used
to offer the greatest threat. This is no longer true.
Today, portions of large cities everywhere
in the United States threaten anyone who ventures near. However,
these same urban areas are often among the most interesting
places to visit.
You just have to know how to act.
Behave based on your feelings,
but base your feelings on reality
You should visit large cities, but please behave their based on
your feelings—based on your intuition.
If you feel uncomfortable in a certain place or situation,
you may have good reason.
Leave the area. Or, do not venture into
obviously marginal neighbourhoods in the first place.
However, your feelings should be based on
reality, not bigotry.
Although the preponderance of violent crime
in the U.S. is done by and to Americans of African descent, generally
there are three black Americas.
One includes the dwellers of the
abject slums of the large cities, where great care should be taken,
and the second includes the growing middle class and professional
class of Americans of African descent who are succeeding in American society.
The third is composed of rural southern blacks, who neither participate
in great wealth nor contribute in great numbers to crime.
Studying a crime map of the Washington,
DC, area is instructive.
Crime there is a function of poverty and
In commercial areas, where most people go home in the
evening, crime can be high.
In the black slums, where many people are strangers, crime is high.
But, in predominately black areas where home ownership is high,
crime is low.
In some areas of black Washington, DC, the crime
rate is as low as any place in the surrounding predominately white
You are safer in areas where people know and care about each other.
Beware of bad zoning, which
makes you unsafe
Misguided zoning laws have done much to
contribute to crime in the U.S. Large areas have been reserved
for single use.
Once the commercial area of downtown Los
Angeles closes in the late afternoon and early evening, people stepping out of their hotels have to be careful.
Moreover, the greatly increased number of both parents working with
their children placed either in schools or in day care centres
has created a similar situation in some suburbs.
Almost no one
is around during the day to monitor what is going on. This is
bad news for personal safety.
A much needed movement toward mixed use
zoning (or perhaps more accurately lack of zoning) is taking place,
where different legitimate activities take place in an area around
the clock, with the opportunity for crime muted.
The Wall Street area in New York City is
an example of this mixed use developing.
are being constructed (or more likely being remodeled from other
uses), so that people can live near their work.
As a result, the neighbourhood will remain lively and therefore safer
throughout the day and evening.
Avoid project areas
Avoid neighbourhoods where stunningly ill-conceived public housing projects have cut off parents from their children.
Instead of traditional low-rise slum housing, where parents easily watch their children playing on the streets, you now find huge high-rise housing blocks and vandalized outdoor areas.
In many of these projects, people live as strangers, and the negative influences spill over into adjoining areas.
Moreover, in large U.S. cities such as New York, you often see the degree to which people feel a caring part of a community shattered by large interstate and other highway projects that have been rammed through poorer neighbourhoods.
Avoid quiet areas in cities
A key safety technique is to
avoid quiet areas in cities, where no one is watching.
This is the most important thing you can do to promote your personal safety.
If a street
or park is deserted, let it remain deserted.
This seems to be
such a common sense rule, but ignoring this may be the single
most common catalyst for violent crime in U.S. cities.
You are generally quite safe in an area being
used by families or business people.
Attending an evening symphonic
concert in New York City's Central Park with thousands of other
people is generally safe, except perhaps for pickpockets.
in much of that same park later that night is madness.
Parking to nap at a deserted rest stop along
a highway at night is not advisable; parking at a busy rest stop
along an Interstate highway generally is.
Using a public washroom
in an isolated area of an urban park or quiet subway station is
foolhardy; using a washroom at a busy McDonald's outlet is usually safe. In cities, you are generally better off using washrooms in businesses such as fast food chains and department stores than in government
provided ones. In Canada and the U.S., washrooms usually lack attendants to monitor activity.
An extra benefit is that commercial washrooms tend
to be cleaner. At McDonald's and similar places, you need not
buy anything in order to utilize free washrooms.
By the way, American males generally do
not talk to strangers in washrooms. Usually, the male etiquette
is not to use an urinal adjacent to one in use. If the only urinal left is one between two in use, many
males will opt to use a regular toilet in a stall to urinate.
Avoid crime in airline,
coach, and train terminals
While we are talking about safety and washrooms,
airport, coach, and rail terminals are often targeted for crime.
Women may place their purses or travel bags on the high hooks
of toilet stall doors, where someone may easily reach over
and grab their valuables from the outside.
And, men may place their luggage on the floor in front of them
while their trousers are down in a toilet stall, which allows a crook
to reach under the space at the bottom of the door and grab the
Here, the criminal depends on men taking the time to pull
up and fasten their trousers to preserve their dignity before giving
Keep luggage and other valuables
out of easy reach while using washrooms. And, keep an eye on bags
at all other times.
Safety problems in
Thievery focuses on security check in points.
At busy times, your
laptops and small bags go through the x-ray machines faster than
the passenger queue moves. People are always delaying the queue
by forgetting keys and other metal objects in their pockets—which could be deliberate if a team of thieves is working.
As a consequence, thieves can grab your possessions
without you noticing them before you reach the end of the luggage
You can minimize this
sort of problem by travelling with nondescript luggage. For example,
your laptop does not need to be packed in a new laptop bag. You
can outfit an old worn briefcase for it or buy a day pack carried on your back with a padded compartment that does not reveal that it contains a laptop.
In addition, you can wait until the last
moment before putting your small luggage on the conveyer belt to
minimize the time that you will not be in possession of it. Please it behind your other items.
Another problem with some Canadian and U.S.
airports is the gross lack of security in luggage claim areas.
Often no responsible person compares luggage tags to claim tags.
The best solution? Do as many professional travellers do and not
check luggage. Dr. Voyageur nearly never does.
Maintain restful alertness
Achieve a state of restful alertness.
This means enjoy your time spent in large cities, but pay attention
to the safety aspects of your environment.
a new dance club in an isolated warehouse district, but know that
you are safer to use a taxi than to walk back to a hotel at
night through an empty neighbourhood.
When visiting New York or
other cities, get to know the look of licenced taxi cabs.
Be suspicious. Really notice your surroundings.
Does someone seem to be following you? Do you feel uncomfortable
with some of the people in the area?
Stay among others in these
situations. Do not—do not—become isolated.
And, be careful when people offer
Sad to say, but it is better to be rude to someone than
to put yourself in danger.
"Ma'am, don't go that way—that's
dangerous! Follow me in this direction!"
No, thank you.
Beware if someone
claims to be a police officer (by showing a badge), but does not
have a uniform or a police vehicle.
If this "officer"
orders you to do something that makes you feel very uncomfortable,
politely insist that a uniformed officer be called in before complying.
When walking, keep to busy, well-lit streets.
You should walk facing
And, you should not walk too near doorways or spaces
between buildings, where someone may come out to attack you or
snatch your valuables. Nor should you walk too close to the street,
where someone may grab your purse or bags from a car or otherwise
Of course, you should carry only the minimum
number of valuables necessary for your trip. If you must carry them,
keep bags or purses tucked under your arms.
do not follow the example of most American men who keep wallets
filled with cash and credit cards in back trouser pockets.
your front pockets or a traveller's pack hung around your neck.
Deal with isolated
If you return to your car and find that
the earlier activity around it has ceased and almost no one seems
to be in its marginal neighbourhood, glance into and under the
car before getting too near.
As mentioned above, really notice
Also, take out your key and hold it tight
in your fist with the tip sticking out, so that it can be used
as a weapon in case of attack, if you absolutely must walk through
a deserted parking lot or along a street or hallway.
the sharpness of the key will not kill or even maim, but it may
repulse a robber who expected no resistance. Do not initiate physical
contact, however. If they want something you are carrying, give it to them without complaint.
It is far better to avoid the above situation
by parking in an attended paid lot or in a commercial area that
remains busy all day and evening.
Keep control in crime
When dealing with dysfunctional people—and
many serious criminals are deeply dysfunctional—it is difficult
to predict their behaviour.
However, in general, we can say that
persons out to steal usually do not move their victims, whereas
people out to rape and maim, for example, attempt to move their
intended victims as far from observation as possible.
Therefore, as an example, if you enter your
car and start to drive away and then find two persons have hidden
on the floor of the back seat who now order you drive in a certain
direction, you may be better off to crash the car (at low speed,
of course) as soon as you pass an area with people who can help.
Waiting until you are completely isolated leaves you helpless.
In much the same way, going for the eyes
of the attacker and screaming as loud as possible, as he or she
attempts to push you off a walkway into a dark lane between two
buildings may get results.
Waiting until you are out of sight narrows
your chances for survival.
These examples are extreme, but they give
you a direction to take in these type of situations, with the caveat
that criminal behaviour cannot be predicted with perfection.
Calm the criminal
Now, this is very, very important.
The aggressive responses outlined in the
above may be appropriate if you are in immediate and very extreme
In most situations, though, you are far better off being passive and cooperative, when someone demands money or other valuables. Bring out your best manners.
You want to calm your robber—bond with your robber, you might say—in part, by
remaining calm yourself.
You keep your voice low. You volunteer
For example, when asked for your money, you
might say, "It's in my bag. Do you want me to hand you the
money, or would you rather reach in and get it yourself?"
Once you gain trust, you can ask for favours.
For instance, "Here's the money. May I keep my driver's licence,
so that I can drive home?"
Of course, you can drive home without the licence (illegally), but keeping it is just one less thing to have to replace.
Once again, Dr. Voyageur must caution that criminal
behaviour cannot be predicted for certain. Your intuition in a
specific situation may be all that you have.
Drive intelligently in urban areas
If you become lost driving and end up in
an uncomfortable neighbourhood, do not stop to look at a map or
to ask directions.
Wait until you have reached a well-lighted, busy
store parking area, which does not show signs of unsavoury activity
(for example, lots of gang graffiti on the adjoining walls).
Just keep driving on well-lighted and wide streets and you will
eventually come to a safer neighbourhood.
Keep sufficient gasoline
in your vehicle at all times, including in rural areas where gas
bars (service stations) may be infrequent.
Always, when driving in urban areas, plan
your route ahead of time. You should know not only where you will
turn but also know the major streets prior to your turn to help
you to notice your exit.
Examine a map prior to visiting a city to
get to know its major streets and landmarks.
Thus, you will feel
less vulnerable if you take a wrong turn. You will also be able
to keep more attention on safe driving.
Various trip planners are available on the
Internet. Free Goggle or Yahoo maps
and detailed directions can be printed prior to
When driving at night in urban areas keep
your doors locked and your windows rolled up.
Are you paranoid yet?
apologizes, but crime is a great concern of visitors to the United States.
Young or young at heart
budget travellers open themselves as a target group by wanting
to experience the places they visit. They do not want to spend
their time in fear huddled behind multiple locks and window bars,
as sadly do some Americans.
We are just being proactive here.
Use care with money and credit
In cities, Dr. Voyageur always keeps at
least $25 - $30 in cash (which may be far too little) on him to
pacify a robber, who may be crazed by some chemical need.
in marginal neighbourhoods,he avoids staring at
Even more importantly, he does not to show large sums
of money or multiple credit cards when purchasing anything.
The recreational equipment
cooperative, REI, offers various
inexpensive hidden money belts and pouches that can be used for
your protection. Safety pouches around necks are more convenient,
but more noticeable with certain types of clothing.
Take out what money you will need in private,
instead of doing so from your money belt, purse, or wallet in
Keep unneeded credit cards hidden.
You may be proud of
your gold credit cards, but showing them too often invites danger.
Pay for small purchases with cash (while not showing that you have a lot of money of credit cards).
The less you hand your credit cards to people while travelling,
the less you need worry about your credit card numbers being used
without your knowledge.
Making purchases at
places where people run your cards through machines that automatically
print receipts is safer than where cashiers manually fill out
receipts. If you shop at the latter, ask for the carbons along
with your receipts.
Carrying travellers cheques in $20 and $50
denominations is an excellent idea.
Dr. Voyageur recommends American
Express ones, as they are so well known in both Canada and the
Remember that you will not be
reimbursed for lost or stolen travellers cheques unless you cared
for them like cash.
Leaving cheques on a bureau in your hotel
room while away does not count as proper care. Your claim will be denied.
Dress to blend in
Dr. Voyageur never goes into marginal neighbourhoods
with clothes that stand out.
When travelling in the U.S., his
clothes are from the mass merchandisers, the J.C. Penney's, the Levi and Dockers outlets, etc. Younger visitors though should follow the less conventional styles of local younger people.
The fancy outfits featured in Vogue, Harper's
Bazaar, Details, Gentlemen's Quarterly, and other such magazines
are not the clothes worn by most Americans or Canadians.
of urban and rural America—at least in those in most areas—should not
be considered fashion runways.
In Canada, you need not be so concerned
with this issue.
Only if travelling to a fancy resort or
deluxe hotel or business appointment does Dr. Voyageur wear upscale
He like you is safer when his clothes do not attract
Simply put, in the U.S., you should dress
according to your age in clothes that do not stand out. You want to blend into the crowd.
In any case, avoid the most noticeable clothing. Again,
you want to blend in.
Older travellers should study the Lands'
End on-line catalogue, a window to how most Americans dress, especially outside of large cities.
If travelling extensively,
buy at least some items away from the perhaps too trendy New York,
Toronto, and similar cities, whose avant garde (and perhaps too
skimpy in the summer) fashions may make you look out of place
in much of Canada and the U.S.
Also, avoid wearing a combination
of leisure and business clothing (e.g., jeans with business shoes
or black formal socks with your Nikes).
Avoid bright colours and extreme patterns, unless they become the fashion.
As mentioned, dress in items favoured
by your age group, when travelling in U.S. cities and even in rural
And for your comfort, favour natural
fibres, as discussed in the traveller's Health
You blend in, as you were taught in the movie
series Back to the Future. This helps keep you safe.
Travel with proper luggage
This has been discussed but is worth repeating. Dr. Voyageur never uses luggage
that stands out.
His plain-looking luggage, while not cheap looking,
does not carry a Gucci or other fancy label.
In fact, it carries
no label at all (except for an inexpensive Adidas gym bag he sometimes
uses), and he even removes airline, coach, and rail tags once
he reaches his destinations in order to not look so much like
His main bag, which can be used either as a backpack
(for short distances only due to lack of proper weight distribution)
or suitcase (which when not over packed can fit under most airline
seats to avoid checking), has zippers tucked under flaps, so that
it is not easy for someone to reach in.
The material is sturdy enough that
it does not rip open easily.
The doctor's luggage has never been torn
open by someone in the bowels of an airport, unlike the all-too-common
experience of persons with designer luggage.
Dr. Voyageur does
not post a national flag on his luggage. Canadians are notorious for doing that because they dislike being mistaken for Americans.
Except when checked
at an airport, coach, or train station, no identification label
is attached to the outside of the bag.
Identification is always readily available
Find safety as a slob
While on a automobile trip, Dr. Voyageur
does not keep neatly packed backpacks or suitcases and bags visible
and convenient to grab after smashing a window.
The trunk (boot),
too, is usually kept empty of valuables, as this is the obvious
place for burglars to break into.
Instead, he has a jumble of a half packed
backpack or suitcase and boxes (with items spilling out), camping
items in disarray, and empty juice and water containers and other
junk items visible in his vehicle.
mess does not attract any self respecting burglar.
It also makes it harder to grab quickly the more valuable assets.
And, Dr. Voyageur's hotel rooms are not
kept tidy either, with everything easy to grab.
Dr. Voyageur finds very easy to follow
this safety tip!
Handling valuables on trips
Very few valuable items are carried on trips,
and Dr. Voyageur divides up the valuables he must take.
he never carries all of his credit cards, telephone calling cards,
passport or other identification, travellers cheques, etc. in one place. All not needed at the moment go into his money belt.
He may use a hotel safe in his room or the main hotel safe if planning to spend time at a beach or pool
Keep in mind though that hotel room safes are far too
easy to break into. Too many hotel employees know the master password. Some hotels do not change the default passwords that come with safes, such as "0000" and "1234." Crooks know this.
When opening his wallet, as mentioned, Dr.
Voyageur is careful not to show too much money or credit cards.
Furthermore, Dr. Voyageur's rented vehicles
are never ostentatious.
He feels comfortable that his parked vehicles
will not attract undue attention even in isolated areas, when
he stops to go hiking or swimming.
You can learn from the Cold War spy-era Soviet embassy in Washington, D.C., which used to be near the White House. Dr. Voyageur passed this many days.
Nearly all of its many vehicles were the most common models found
in suburban shopping centre parking lots, in the most common muted colours. Spy on!
When visiting large cities, DrV
makes sure that his physiology is not overshadowed by alcohol
and other drugs. For maximum safety, he like you must be able
to properly evaluate his environment and take appropriate actions.
Go with your feelings.
If you do not feel comfortable in a certain situation, you may have
Stay among other people conducting legitimate
Do not make it easy to steal from you or to harm
And, do not give the appearance of Mr. or Ms.
Foreign Tourist, especially Mr. or Ms. Wealthy Foreign Tourist.
You blend in. Blend in. Blend in to not
attract the attention of criminals.
Following this advice will help protect you and your possessions and let you have a totally positive
experience while visiting Canada and the United States.
Good luck ! And, remember luck is to a large degree self
For more health and safety tips
Go to >> Driving safely
in Canada and the U.S.
Go to >> Staying
Go to >> Staying
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